Sharon Dijksma, Dutch Environment Minister and President of the Council, and Maroé Efsovic, Vice-President of the European Commission, sign the agreement on behalf of the EU at a high-level ceremony in New York, USA. One of the main outcomes of the 2015 Paris Agreement was that the United States and China were originally signed, although the United States has not caved in since. Together, the United States and China account for about 43% of global emissions: 28% to China and 15% to the United States. All signatories agreed to the goal of reducing greenhouse gas emissions due to rising temperatures and other risks that affect the world. Another important element of the agreement is that it includes countries that depend on oil and gas extraction revenues. In addition, the agreement establishes a new mechanism to “facilitate the implementation and promotion of respect.” This “non-contradictory” expert panel will try to help countries that are lagging behind their commitments get back on track. There is no penalty for non-compliance. For the agreement to enter into force, it took at least 55 countries that account for at least 55% of global emissions. The agreement was officially terminated in April 2016 and concluded in April 2017. After the decision of the head of state of a country to accede to the agreement, it took the approval of the national government or the adoption of a national law for that nation to participate officially. Since Trump`s announcement, U.S.
envoys have participated – as expected – in UN climate talks to shore up the details of the agreement. Meanwhile, thousands of heads of state and government have intervened across the country to fill the void created by the lack of federal climate leadership, reflecting the will of the vast majority of Americans who support the Paris agreement. City and state officials, business leaders, universities and individuals included a base amount to participate in initiatives such as America`s Pledge, the United States Climate Alliance, We Are Still In and the American Cities Climate Challenge. Complementary and sometimes overlapping movements aim to deepen and accelerate efforts to combat climate change at the local, regional and national levels. Each of these efforts focuses on the willingness of the United States to work toward the goals of the Paris Agreement, despite Trump`s attempts to lead the country in the opposite direction. At the 2015 Paris conference, at which the agreement was negotiated, developed countries reaffirmed their commitment to mobilize $100 billion a year to finance climate by 2020 and agreed to continue mobilizing $100 billion a year by 2025.  The commitment refers to the existing plan to allocate $100 billion per year to developing countries for climate change adaptation and climate change mitigation.  The Paris Agreement, marked by the historic agreement once adopted, owes its success not only to the return of a framework favourable to climate change and sustainable development, but also to efforts to review the management of international climate negotiations.
The Paris Agreement is supported by new initiatives that will all be adapted to the difficulties identified at the previous COP. This innovative approach is based on four elements: the adoption of a universal agreement. Define each state`s national contributions to reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Although the text of the agreement does not mention the content of these contributions, it obliges signatory states to establish a contribution plan, implement it and raise amounts every five years.