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Human Rights Instruments And Agreements

Since the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights by the United Nations in 1948, many formal treaties have been negotiated between nations that recognize hundreds of human rights, including political and civil rights, the right to work and access health care and education. But some critics argue that these treaties are too idealistic and cannot be easily implemented. If you need help with human rights research, visit the Help for Research page on the Georgetown University Law Library website. Or contact the Law Library`s international and foreign law department by phone (202-662-4195) or email (lawintlref@georgetown.edu). Students at the Georgetown Law Centre can arrange a one-on-one research consultation with a librarian. According to the Office of the High Commissioner, there are nine or more international human rights instruments and several optional protocols. Among the most well-known instruments: this guide aims to help researchers identify relevant secondary sources of human rights and to quickly and effectively locate the complete texts of primary law documents, including contracts, national reports and case law. While focusing on resources of general interest for all human rights researchers throughout the guide, special attention is paid to resources specifically dedicated to women`s human rights at the international level. Under the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), States must take steps to eliminate discrimination against women and ensure that women enjoy, in a number of areas such as men, in the same way as men and evils such as men, including education, employment, health care and family life. The optional protocol establishes a claim mechanism. F.B.I. reported 14,000 murders and nearly 80,000 rapes in the United States in 2013, but no one is proposing to lift the criminal ban on murder and rape. But because of the persistence of human rights violations in many countries, Eric Die would repeal human rights treaties.

I still don`t see his logic. He says that the treaties are too vague and call for a change in the behaviour of governments, but I regularly find the opposite. The use of anti-personnel mines and cluster munitions has decreased significantly following the adoption of treaties banning these indiscriminate weapons. Chile and Argentina cited human rights treaties aimed at cracking down on military self-amnesty for mass crimes, and then convicted hundreds of people. Brazil has followed contractual requirements to strengthen the crackdown on domestic violence and allow regular prison visits against torture. Kenya cited the Treaty on Women`s Rights, which gives women equal access to inheritance. The European Treaty on Human Rights has led Britain to end corporal punishment in schools, Ireland to decriminalize homosexual acts and France to allow detainees access to lawyers. A new employment contract has resulted in an increase in the minimum wage, social protection and days off for domestic workers in parts of Asia and Africa.

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